AUTHORS: D.S. Kim
PAGES: 348 - 354
Operational dosimetry solves the problem of implementing the principle of optimizing radiation safety, which is closely related to regulation and justification and implies a realistic achievable reduction in the dose load on a person when using ionizing radiation sources by reducing operating time, increasing the distance to radioactive material and shielding for attenuation of ionization flux. The article describes two ways of determining the thickness of shielding under necessity of making operational decision to protect a person from radionuclide source of known activity or the dose rate created by it. Based on the required multiplicity of its attenuation, which allows determining the number of half attenuation layers in the shield or its thickness, is also dependent on the energy of radiation, emitted by the source.
radiation safety, dose rate, attenuation rate, optimization principle, exposure dose, absorbed dose, equivalent dose, effective dose, protective shield
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