Vol. 3 No 4 was published on December 20, 2019. | Clarivate Analytics | Control Committee in Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan |


Methods of calculation of radiation protection for operational safety optimization at working with radionuclide photon radiation sources

Number 4_Vol.3

AUTHORS: D.S. Kim

DOI: 10.29317/ejpfm.2019030407

PAGES: 348 - 354

DATE: 2019-12-20


ABSTRACT

Operational dosimetry solves the problem of implementing the principle of optimizing radiation safety, which is closely related to regulation and justification and implies a realistic achievable reduction in the dose load on a person when using ionizing radiation sources by reducing operating time, increasing the distance to radioactive material and shielding for attenuation of ionization flux. The article describes two ways of determining the thickness of shielding under necessity of making operational decision to protect a person from radionuclide source of known activity or the dose rate created by it. Based on the required multiplicity of its attenuation, which allows determining the number of half attenuation layers in the shield or its thickness, is also dependent on the energy of radiation, emitted by the source.


KEYWORDS

radiation safety, dose rate, attenuation rate, optimization principle, exposure dose, absorbed dose, equivalent dose, effective dose, protective shield


CITED REFERENCES

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